The easiest way to root an Android phone on linux is to use Heimdall. Heimdall is an open source program to flash Android on Samsung Galaxy devices.
Heimdall is available as a binary executable for many platforms, including Debian. Unfortunately, since I use Fedora, I had to compile the code from scratch.
First install all the needed tools.
# Install packages such as autoconf, make, gcc necessary for compiling the code
yum groupinstall "Development Tools"
yum install libusb1-devel qt-devel
Then download the source code and compile it
git clone git://github.com/Benjamin-Dobell/Heimdall.git
su -c 'make install'
su -c 'make install'
You might get a message like “RCC: Warning: No resources in ‘mainwindow.qrc’” during qmake. You can safely ignore it as it is not an actual error and Heimdall will work just fine.
Now that we have installed Heimdall, we need to find out which kernel our phone is running. So on the Android phone, select
Settings -> About Phone.
Look for the Kernel Version. It will say something like "
3.0.15-I9100XWLP7-CL340913". Note the text that is in bold (
LP7). Find the kernel image that matches your phone from the xda-developers forum based on this string.
Once you've downloaded the image, we need to push it to the phone. Extract the contents of this file. Assuming you downloaded
tar xvf CF-Root-SGS2_XW_XEN_LP7-v5.4-CWM5.tar
This should leave you with the file
Now, put your phone into Download mode.
Volume Down+Home Key+Power key until you see the intro key
Volume Up to continue (the screen will prompt you to do so)
Connect the phone to your PC with USB and check whether it's been detected
# Should return Device Detected
su -c 'heimdall flash --kernel zImage'
A large amount of output will appear, which should end with
KERNEL upload successful
Re-attaching kernel driver....
And your phone should reboot into the newly rooted system. Now's a good time to look at backing up your
efs folder though, to avoid needing to pay Samsung to repair things should anything go wrong.
So, install a terminal emulator on your phone, and after opening run the following
# Accept when asked if you want to grant permissions
busybox tar zcvf /sdcard/efs/efs-backup.tar.gz /efs
This will create a backup of the
/efs folder on your SDCard, so should you ever break anything in this folder you have half a chance of restoring it!
Other guides to rooting Andoid phones:
What to do after rooting your phone? These links should help: